The Archaeological and Anthropological Society of Victoria is a group that promotes the study of archaeology, anthropology, ethno-archaeology and ethno-history in both Australia and further abroad. Lectures, from a range of talented presenters, are held every third Thursday of the month at 6:30pm at the The Kathleen Syme Library & Community Centre – 251 Faraday St, Carlton.
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AASV Exec Committee.
Next Lecture: Thursday 19th of March **Cancelled**
Upcoming Lecture: Thursday 16th of April
Usewear and residues on bone-breaking stones at the 130 ka Cerutti Mastodon site, southern California, USA
Presented by Prof Richard Fullagar
This lecture challenges traditional beliefs about the peopling of the Americas and the migrations of our hominin ancestors. Be prepared for the possibility that, more than 100,000 years ago close to the site of present day San Diego, hominins were cracking open mastodon limb bones to extract the nutritious marrow. Impact marks and lithic use-wear consistent with breaking fresh/green bones were reported in 2017, for stones recovered in 1992–3 from the late Pleistocene Cerruti Mastodon (CM) site in coastal San Diego County, California. The totality of taphonomic evidence supports human agency at the CM site, suggesting occupation by c. 130 ka, although the absence of other evidence for humans in the Americas or Beringia at this time continues to make the site controversial. New analysis of bone residues on the stones, in combination with usewear traces, supports the interpretation that the bones and cobbles are in situ and not disturbed as others have argued. Despite ongoing debate, I argue that the most likely scenario for the transferral of bone residues onto the cobbles is hominin use, specifically to process mastodon limb bones for marrow extraction and/or raw material for tool production.
Richard Fullagar BA(Melb) PhD(La Trobe) has held Australian Research Council grants and fellowships at the Australian Museum and University of Sydney. He is currently Honorary Professorial Research Fellow in the
Centre for Archaeological Science, University of Wollongong. He has worked on many sites in Australia, Papua New Guinea, Southeast Asia and Eastern Asia, and is particularly interested in how stone tools were used and what they can tell us about the history of human dispersal, behaviour and subsistence.
Post Office Boxes
We advise all members that AASV now has two mailing addresses. Membership address: PO Box 200, Benalla VIC 3672.
General Correspondence and Artefact subscription enquiries: PO Box 203, Carlton VIC 3053.